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Getting rid of mites involves creating an environment that's inhospitable to them and then eliminating the existing ones. Here's a two-pronged approach:

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1. Create an unwelcoming environment:

  • Reduce humidity: Mites thrive in humid conditions. Use a dehumidifier to maintain humidity levels below 50% [WebMD mites].
  • Minimize dust: Mites feed on dust particles. Vacuum thoroughly and frequently, paying attention to carpets, furniture, and bedding. Use a HEPA filter vacuum to trap even tiny particles [Sterifab mites]. Damp dusting with a microfiber cloth is better than dry dusting, which just stirs up allergens.
  • Wash bedding in hot water: Wash sheets, pillowcases, and mattress covers in hot water (at least 130°F or 54°C) every 1-2 weeks to kill mites and their eggs [Sterifab mites].
  • Encase mattresses and pillows: Use allergen-impermeable encasements for mattresses and pillows to trap dust mites and their allergens [WebMD mites].
  • Reduce clutter: The less clutter you have, the fewer places mites can hide.

2. Eliminate existing mites:

  • Steam cleaning: Steam cleaning carpets, furniture, and mattresses can kill mites with high heat [WebMD mites].
  • Insecticides: In severe cases, you might consider using an insecticide labeled for mite control. However, this should be a last resort, as mites can develop resistance. It's always best to consult a pest control professional for such applications.

Here are some additional tips depending on the type of mites:

  • Dust mites: The strategies above primarily target dust mites, the most common type found in homes.
  • Bird mites or rodent mites: These mites thrive near bird or rodent nests. Eliminate the nests and address the animal infestation to get rid of the mites [WebMD mites].
  • Food mites: Food mites can infest stored pantry items. Thoroughly clean your pantry, discard infested food, and store dry goods in airtight containers [pestdefence co uk].

By following these steps, you can effectively get rid of mites and create a more allergen-free environment.

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