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To cash a savings bond, you can follow these general steps:

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1. **Check the maturity date**: Savings bonds have a maturity period, typically ranging from 1 year to 30 years, depending on the type of bond and when it was issued. You can cash a savings bond after it reaches its maturity date.

2. **Locate the bond**: Find the physical savings bond certificate or locate the electronic bond in your account if it's held electronically through TreasuryDirect.

3. **Determine ownership**: If you are the sole owner of the bond, you can cash it yourself. If the bond is co-owned or owned by someone else, you may need their signature or authorization to cash it.

4. **Check eligibility for redemption**: Savings bonds must be at least 12 months old before they can be redeemed. However, cashing a bond within the first 5 years of issuance may result in the loss of interest earned during that period.

5. **Visit a financial institution**: You can cash paper savings bonds at most banks, credit unions, or financial institutions that participate in the Treasury Retail Securities Services program. Be sure to bring proper identification, such as a driver's license or passport.

6. **Fill out a redemption form**: If you're cashing a paper savings bond, you'll need to fill out a redemption form, such as FS Form 1522. If the bond is electronic, you can request redemption online through TreasuryDirect.

7. **Receive payment**: Once your bond is verified and the redemption form is processed, you'll receive payment for the bond's value, which may be in the form of cash or a deposit to your bank account.

8. **Report interest income**: Any interest earned on savings bonds is subject to federal income tax. Be sure to report the interest income on your tax return for the year in which you cash the bond.

It's important to note that the process for cashing savings bonds may vary depending on the type of bond and where it was purchased. Be sure to check with the issuing authority or financial institution for specific instructions and requirements.
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