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An annotated bibliography is a list of sources you've found for your research, but with a twist: each citation is followed by a short analysis that explains the source's relevance to your topic.

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Here's a breakdown of how to create one:

1. Gather Your Sources:

  • Start by finding credible sources related to your research topic. This could include academic journals, books, websites from reputable organizations, and more.

2. Choose a Citation Style:

  • There are different citation styles, like MLA, APA, or Chicago. Make sure to follow the style required by your instructor. Most universities or libraries have online guides to help you format citations correctly.

3. Craft the Annotated Entries:

  • Each entry in your bibliography will consist of two parts: the citation itself, formatted according to your chosen style, and the annotation.

4. Write the Annotation:

The annotation is a mini-analysis of the source, typically 100-300 words long. It can cover several aspects:

  • Summary: Briefly explain the source's main ideas and arguments.
  • Evaluation: Assess the source's credibility, strengths, and weaknesses. Is the information current? Is the author an expert?
  • Relevance: Explain how this source relates to your research topic. How will it be useful for your project?
  • Comparison (Optional): If relevant, you can compare and contrast this source with other sources you've found.

5. Formatting and Organization:

  • Each entry in your bibliography should be double-spaced. The citation will typically be formatted according to your chosen style guide. The annotation will usually follow the citation, indented or on a separate line.
  • Organize your bibliography alphabetically by the author's last name (or the title if there's no author).

Here are some helpful resources to learn more about annotated bibliographies:

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