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Chickens, like other birds, lay eggs as part of their reproductive process. Here's an overview of how chickens lay eggs:

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1. **Reproductive System:** Female chickens, called hens, have a specialized reproductive system that includes two ovaries. However, only the left ovary is functional in most birds, including chickens.

2. **Ovulation:** Hens begin the egg-laying process with ovulation, during which a yolk is released from the ovary into the oviduct, a long tube-like structure where the egg is formed.

3. **Formation of Egg White and Shell:** As the yolk moves through the oviduct, it is surrounded by layers of egg white (albumen) and then covered by membranes and a shell composed mainly of calcium carbonate. The shell is the last part of the egg to be formed.

4. **Egg-Laying:** Once the egg is fully formed, it is laid by the hen. The process of laying an egg typically takes about 24 to 26 hours from ovulation to laying.

5. **Broodiness:** After laying eggs, some hens may exhibit broodiness, a natural instinct to incubate and hatch eggs. During this time, they may sit on the eggs to keep them warm and may become protective of them.

6. **Egg Production:** The frequency of egg-laying varies depending on factors such as breed, age, diet, and environmental conditions. Most hens lay eggs on a regular basis, with peak egg production occurring during the spring and summer months.

7. **Collection and Storage:** Once laid, eggs are collected from nesting boxes or other designated areas in the coop. They should be promptly collected to prevent them from becoming soiled or broken. Eggs can be stored in a cool, dry place and should be used within a reasonable time frame to ensure freshness.

Overall, the process of egg-laying in chickens is a natural and essential aspect of their reproductive cycle, allowing them to produce offspring and contribute to the food supply.
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