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Here's how to achieve the perfect hard-boiled egg, with a delightfully firm white and a bright yellow, just-set yolk:

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  • Eggs - Use fresh, cold eggs for best results.
  • Water - Enough to cover the eggs by at least 1 inch.


  1. Place eggs in a single layer: Gently put your eggs in a saucepan or pot, ensuring they fit in a single layer on the bottom. This allows for even cooking.

  2. Cover with cold water: Fill the pot with enough cold water to completely submerge the eggs. Ideally, the water should cover them by at least 1 inch.

  3. Fresh vs. older eggs:

    • Fresh eggs: If you're using fresh eggs (less than a week old), you can bring the water to a full rolling boil over high heat.

    • Older eggs (optional): If you're using older eggs (around 1-2 weeks old), a gentler cooking method might help with peeling. Here's what you can do:

      • Slowly bring the water to a simmer over medium-low heat instead of a full boil.
      • Alternatively, you can steam the eggs for 12-14 minutes. Steaming can also help prevent the green ring around the yolk that can sometimes occur with boiling.
  4. Cooking time for perfect hard-boiled egg: Once you've chosen your boiling method (fresh eggs - full boil, older eggs - simmer/steam), here's the cooking time for a perfect hard-boiled egg:

    • For a classic hard-boiled egg with a firm yolk (12-minute cook time): Regardless of the boiling method (full boil or simmer), cook the eggs for 12 minutes after the water reaches a full boil or simmer.
  5. Ice bath is key: Immediately after cooking, transfer the eggs to a bowl filled with ice water. The ice bath stops the cooking process and helps prevent the yolks from turning grey. Let the eggs cool completely in the ice bath for at least 15 minutes.

  6. Peeling: Once cool, peel the eggs. There are various methods for peeling eggs, but here are a couple of tips:

    • Crack all over: Gently tap the egg all over on a hard surface to crack the shell without breaking the inner membrane. This allows the water to seep in and loosen the shell.
    • Peel under running water: With the shell cracked, peel the egg underwater. The water stream can help loosen the membrane and make peeling easier.
  7. Store: Store your peeled hard-boiled eggs in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 7 days.


  • Freshness matters: Fresh eggs are generally easier to peel than older eggs. However, older eggs can still be used for hard-boiling, and the slightly older age might make peeling a little easier as mentioned above.
  • Adjust cooking time for desired doneness: Experiment with cooking times to achieve your preferred yolk consistency. Shorter cooking times result in softer yolks, while longer times create firmer yolks.
  • Room temperature eggs (optional): Some people recommend taking the eggs out of the refrigerator 30 minutes before boiling for easier peeling. This is optional, and you can experiment to see if it works better for you.

With these steps and considerations, you can cook the perfect hard-boiled egg every time! Enjoy!

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