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Casting off, also called binding off, is how you create a neat, finished edge on your knitting project to prevent unraveling. There are different cast-off methods

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here's how to do the basic standard cast off:


  • Knitting needles
  • Yarn


  1. Knit two stitches: Start a new row and knit the first two stitches on your right needle normally.

  2. Cast off the first stitch: Insert your empty left needle into the first stitch (the one closest to the tip) on your right needle. Lift the left needle up and over the second stitch on your right needle.

  3. Drop the first stitch: Pull the first stitch (the one you lifted over) off the right needle, letting it slide off the end. You'll now have one stitch remaining on your right needle.

  4. Repeat: Knit another stitch from the working yarn and repeat steps 2 and 3. Essentially, you're knitting one stitch and then using it to "cast off" the stitch before it.

  5. Continue casting off: Keep repeating steps 2 and 3 until you have only one stitch left on your right needle.

  6. Cut the yarn and weave in the end: Cut your yarn, leaving a tail of about 6 inches. Use a yarn needle or crochet hook to weave the tail end back into the stitches on your cast-off edge to secure it.


  • Maintain a loose tension when knitting the stitches you cast off. This creates a more flexible edge.
  • There are many other cast-off methods that create different looks and tightness levels. You can find video tutorials online for variations like the ribbed cast off or the backward loop cast off
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